ALLOWANCES DEDUCTIONS IN INCOME TAX ACT 1961
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- Deduction is limited to whole of the amount paid or deposited subject to a maximum of Rs. 1,50,000. This maximum limit of Rs. 1,50,000 is the aggregate of the deduction that may be claimed under sections 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD.
- The sums paid or deposited need not be out of income chargeable to tax of the previous year. Amount may be paid or deposited any time during the previous year, but the deduction shall be available on so much of the aggregate of sums as do not exceed the total income chargeable to tax during the previous year.
- Life Insurance premium is part of gross qualifying amount for the purpose of deduction under section 80C. Payment of premium which is in excess of 10 per cent (if policy is issued on or after 1-4-2013, 15% in case of insurance on life of person with disability referred to in section 80U or suffering from disease or ailment specified in section 80DDB/rule 11DD) of actual capital sum assured shall not be included in gross qualifying amount. The value of any premiums agreed to be returned or of any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise, over and above the sum actually assured, which is to be or may be received under the policy by any person, shall not be taken into account for the purpose of calculating the actual capital sum assured.
The limit of 10 per cent will be applicable only in the case of policies issued on or after 1-4-2012. In respect of policies issued prior to 1-4-2012, the old limit of 20 per cent of actual sum assured will be applicable.
With effect from 1-4-2013, ‘actual capital sum assured’ in relation to a life insurance policy shall mean the minimum amount assured under the policy on happening of the insured event at any time during the term of the policy, not taking into account—
(i) the value of any premium agreed to be returned; or
(ii) any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise over and above the sum actually assured, which is to be or may be received under the policy by any person.
- Where, in any previous year, an assessee—
(i) terminates his contract of insurance, by notice to that effect or where the contract ceases to be in force by reason of failure to pay any premium, by not reviving contract of insurance,—
(a) in case of any single premium policy, within two years after the date of commencement of insurance; or
(b) in any other case, before premiums have been paid for two years; or
(ii) terminates his participation in any unit-linked insurance plan (ULIP), by notice to that effect or where he ceases to participate by reason of failure to pay any contribution, by not reviving his participation, before contributions in respect of such participation have been paid for five years; or
(iii) transfers the house property before the expiry of five years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him, or receives back, whether by way of refund or otherwise, any sum specified in that clause,
(a) no deduction shall be allowed to the assessee with reference to any of such sums, paid in such previous year; and
(b) the aggregate amount of the deductions of income so allowed in respect of the previous year or years preceding such previous year, shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee of such previous year and shall be liable to tax in the assessment year relevant to such previous year.
If any equity shares or debentures, with reference to the cost of which a deduction is allowed, are sold or otherwise transferred by the assessee to any person at any time within a period of three years from the date of their acquisition, the aggregate amount of the deductions of income so allowed in respect of such equity shares or debentures in the previous year or years preceding the previous year in which such sale or transfer has taken place shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee of such previous year and shall be liable to tax in the assessment year relevant to such previous year.
A person shall be treated as having acquired any shares or debentures on the date on which his name is entered in relation to those shares or debentures in the register of members or of debenture-holders, as the case may be, of the public company.
- If any amount, including interest accrued thereon, is withdrawn by the assessee from his deposit account made under (a) Senior Citizen Saving Scheme or (b) Post Office Time Deposit Rules, before the expiry of the period of five years from the date of its deposit, the amount so withdrawn shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee of the previous year in which the amount is withdrawn and shall be liable to tax in the assessment year relevant to such previous year.
The amount liable to tax shall not include the following amounts, namely:—
(i) any amount of interest, relating to deposits referred to above, which has been included in the total income of the assessee of the previous year or years preceding such previous year; and
(ii) any amount received by the nominee or legal heir of the assessee, on the death of such assessee, other than interest, if any, accrued thereon, which was not included in the total income of the assessee for the previous year or years preceding such previous year.