Family planning measures in India

By | May 6, 2016
(Last Updated On: May 6, 2016)

Family planning measures

Government has recognized following contraceptives for promoting family planning measures under the National Family Planning Program:

  1. Condoms
  2. Oral Contraceptive Pills
  3. Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD)
  4. Injectable Contraceptive DMPA
  5. Male Sterilization
  6. Female Sterilization

The implementation status of family planning measures in the country is placed below: 

Implementation status of family planning measures in the country: 

The GoI’s new strategy of RMNCH+A encompasses Reproductive Health, Maternal Health, Newborn Health, Child Health and Adolescent Health. The Family Planning Program has witnessed a paradigm shift from a program aiming at population stabilization to a program ensuring better maternal and child health.  

On-going Interventions under Family Planning Programme

  • Ensuring quality care in Family Planning services by establishing Quality Assurance Committees in all state and districts.
  • Increasing male participation and promotion of ‘Non Scalpel Vasectomy’’.
  • ‘National Family Planning Indemnity Scheme’ (NFPIS) under which clients are insured in the eventualities of deaths, complications and failures following sterilization and the providers/ accredited institutions are indemnified against litigations in those eventualities.
  • Compensation scheme for sterilization acceptors – under the scheme MoHFW provides compensation for loss of wages to the beneficiary on account of undergoing sterilisation.
  • Accreditation of more private/ NGO facilities to increase the provider base for family planning services under PPP.
  • Improving contraceptives supply management up to peripheral facilities
  • A rational human resource development plan is in place for provision of IUCD, Minilap and NSV to empower the facilities (DH, CHC, PHC, SHC) with at least one provider each for each of the services and Sub Centres with ANMs trained in IUD insertion
  • Emphasis on Minilap Tubectomy services because of its logistical simplicity and requirement of only MBBS doctors and not post graduate gynaecologists/ surgeons.
  • Demand generation activities in the form of display of posters, billboards and other audio and video materials in the various facilities

New interventions

  1. The packaging for Condoms, OCPs and ECPs has now been improved and redesigned so as to influence the demand for these commodities.
  2. The current basket of choice has been expanded to include the new contraceptives viz. Injectable contraceptive DMPA, Centchroman and Progrsterone Only Pills (POP).
  1. Promotion of IUCDs as a short & long term spacing method – Introduction of Cu IUCD-375 (5 years effectivity) under the Family Planning Programme.
  1. Emphasis on Postpartum Family Planning (PPFP) services with introduction of PPIUCD and promotion of minilap as the main mode of providing sterilization in the form of post-partum sterilization to capitalize on the huge cases coming in for institutional delivery under JSY.
  1. Appointment of dedicated RMNCH+A counsellors at high case load facilities.
  1. Assured delivery of family planning services- In last four years states have shown their commitment to strengthen fixed day family planning services for both IUCD and sterilisation.
  1. Scheme for Home delivery of contraceptives by ASHAs at doorstep of beneficiaries has been expanded to the entire country w.e.f.  17th Dec, 2012.
  1. Scheme for ASHAs to ensure spacing in births:
  2. Under the scheme, services of ASHAs are being utilised for counselling newly married couples to ensure delay of 2 years in birth after marriage and couples with 1 child to have spacing of 3 years after the birth of 1st child.
  3. The scheme is being implemented in 18 states of the country (8 EAG, 8 North East, Gujarat and Haryana). Additionally the spacing component has been approved in West Bengal, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Daman Diu and Dadra andNagar Haveli
  1. Celebration of World Population Day & fortnight (July 11 – July 24):
  1. The World Population Day celebration is a step to boost Family Planning efforts all over the country.
  2. The event is observed over a month long period, split into an initial fortnight of mobilization/sensitization followed by a fortnight of assured family planning service delivery.
  3. June 27 to July 10: “Dampati Sampark Pakhwada” or “Mobilisation Fortnight”
  4. July 11 to July 24 “Jansankhya Sthirtha Pakhwada” or “Population Stabilisation Fortnight”.

The states/UT wise percentage of married couples adopting family planning measures are given in the list below:


State/UT wise percentage of married couples adopting modern family planning measures

SNo.     States % of currently married couples (15-49) using modern contraceptives Source
  India 47.1 DLHS III
1 Andaman and Nicobar Island 48.3 NFHS IV
2 Andhra Pradesh 69.4 NFHS IV
3 Arunachal Pradesh 43.9 DLHS IV
4 Assam 38.1 AHS 2012
5 Bihar 23.3 NFHS IV
6 Chandigarh 65.9 DLHS IV
7 Chhattisgarh 57.2 DLHS IV
8 Dadar and Nagar Haveli 49.9 DLHS III
9 Daman and Diu 51.9 DLHS III
10 Delhi 55.5 DLHS III
11 Goa 24.8 NFHS IV
12 Gujarat 54.3 DLHS III
13 Haryana 59.4 NFHS IV
14 Himachal Pradesh 56.1 DLHS IV
15 Jammu and Kashmir 41.2 DLHS III
16 Jharkhand 43.7 AHS 2012
17 Karnataka 51.3 NFHS IV
18 Kerala 53.9 DLHS IV
19 Lakshadweep 16.6 DLHS III
20 Madhya Pradesh 49.6 NFHS IV
21 Maharashtra 62.6 NFHS IV
22 Manipur 12.7 NFHS IV
23 Meghalaya 21.9 NFHS IV
24 Mizoram 59.0 DLHS IV
25 Nagaland 23.9 DLHS IV
26 Odisha 46.3 AHS 2012
27 Pudducherry 61.2 NFHS IV
28 Punjab 59.8 DLHS IV
29 Rajasthan 62.4 AHS 2012
30 Sikkim 45.9 NFHS IV
31 Tamil Nadu 52.6 NFHS IV
32 Telangana 56.9 NFHS IV
33 Tripura 42.8 NFHS IV
34 Uttar Pradesh 37.6 AHS 2012
35 Uttaranchal 49.3 NFHS IV
36 West Bengal 57.0 NFHS IV


The Health Minister, Shri J P Nadda stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

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