Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers

By | February 25, 2016

Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers

The Self Employment Scheme for the Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS) has been revised in accordance with the provision of “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013” (MS Act, 2013) to provide the following benefits to the identified manual scavengers and their dependants.

(i)     Onetime cash assistance of Rs.40000/- to identified manual scavengers.

(ii)   Loans for project cost upto Rs. 15.00 lacs on concessional rates of interest.

(iii) Credit linked back-end capital subsidy upto Rs. 3,25,000/-.

(iv) Skill Development Training upto two years with stipend of Rs.3000/- per month.

State-wise details of financial assistance provided under SRMS since 6.12.2013, the date of coming in to force of MS Act, 2013, through National Safai Karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC) are given:

 Status of rehabilitation of  identified and eligible Manual Scavengers under Revised SRMS                                                     
S.No. State/UT Details of Onetime Cash Assistance provided
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 (upto- 15.02.2016) Total
Amount (Rs. In lac) Beneficiaries (Number) Amount (Rs. In lac) Beneficiaries (Number) Amount (Rs. In lac) Beneficiaries (Number) Amount (Rs. In lac) Beneficiaries (Number) Amount (Rs. In lac) Beneficiaries (Number)
1 Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 0 18 45 0 0 18.00 45
2 Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 52.4 131 52.40 131
3 Chhattisgarh 0 0 1.2 3 0 0 0 0 1.20 3
4 Karnataka 0 0 50 125 7.2 18 28.4 71 85.60 214
5 Madhya Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 14.4 36 14.40 36
6 Odisha 0 0 0 0 0 0 57.6 144 57.60 144
7 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 28.8 72 28.80 72
8 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 56.4 141 56.40 141
9 Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 68 170 68.00 170
10 Uttar Pradesh 0 0 14 35 433.2 1083 2108 5270 2555.20 6388
11 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 53.6 134 53.60 134
12 West Bengal 0 0 0 0 38 95 0 0 38.00 95
Total 0 0 65.2 163 496.4 1241 2467.6 6169 3029.2 7573
Status of  Comprehensive rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers for the years 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 (till 15.2.2016)
S.No. State Comprehensive Rehabilitation (Number of beneficiaries)
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 (15.02.2016)
Capital Subsidy Loans Also opted Skill Development Training opted only skill development training Capital Subsidy Loans Also opted Skill Development Training opted only skill development training
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
1 Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 *91
3 Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 190 190 0 0
5 Madhya Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 *100
6 Odisha 0 0 0 0 0 0 83 0 56 0
7 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 100
8 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100
9 Tamilnadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 *150
10 Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 *680
11 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 71 0 15 101
12 West Bengal 0 0 97 97 97 0 0 0 0 0
Grand Total 0 0 97 97 97 0 365 190 71 301
* Proposals have been sanctioned and funds are  released to the training instititute  against uploading of relevant data by the concerned Training Institutes
Status of  Comprehensive rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers for the years 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 (till 15.2.2016)
S.No. State Comprehensive Rehabilitation (Funds released)  (Rs. In lacs)
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 (15.02.2016)
Capital Subsidy Loans Also opted Skill Development Training opted only skill development training Capital Subsidy Released Loans Also opted Skill Development Training opted only skill development training
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
1 Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 128.63 574.75 0 0
5 Madhya Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Odisha 0 0 0 0 0 0 38.29 0 7.81 0
7 Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.36 0 0 2.82
8 Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.82
9 Tamilnadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 38.665 0 2.405 3.27
12 West Bengal 0 0 48.51 59.49 17.60 0 0 0 0 0
Grand Total 0 0 48.51 59.49 17.60 0 218.94 574.75 10.215 8.91
Note: In case of Karnataka, the amount shown in column 10 has been sanctioned to the State Channelising Agency.

 

The major cause for manual scavenging is the existence of insanitary latrines. Section 5 of the MS Act, 2013 prohibits construction of insanitary latrines and engaging of manual scavengers from the date of commencement of the Act i.e. 06.12.2013. The Act provides for identification of insanitary latrines and their demolition/conversion into sanitary latrines on a time bound basis. The municipalities, Cantonment Boards and railway authorities have been mandated to construct adequate number of community sanitary latrines within a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act to eliminate the practice of open defecation.

This information was given by the Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha here today.

Source Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment 25-February, 2016

Leave a Reply