New categorisation of industries released by Environment Ministry

By | March 5, 2016
(Last Updated On: March 5, 2016)

Environment Ministry releases new categorisation of industries

‘Re-Categorisation of Industries a landmark decision, new category of white industries will not require environmental clearance’: Javadekar

The Government today released a new categorization of industries based on their pollution load.  Releasing the new categorization here today, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar, said, “The new category of White industries which is practically non-polluting will not require Environmental Clearance (EC) and Consent and will help in getting finance from lending institutions. The exercise of Re-categorization was being carried out for last one year. This is a landmark decision to give a fair picture of the industries”.

“Re-categorization of industries based on their pollution load is a scientific exercise. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone. 25 industrial sectors which were not critically polluting were also earlier categorized as Red. This was creating wrong impression to everyone”, Shri Javadekar added.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources. For this purpose the references are taken from the the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution ) Cess (Amendment) Act, 2003, Standards  so far prescribed for  various pollutants under Environment (Protection) Act , 1986 and Doon Valley Notification, 1989 issued by MoEFCC. The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. Based on the series of brain storming sessions among CPCB, SPCBs and MoEFCC , the following criteria on  ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of  industrial sectors is finalized.


o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above –  Red category

o        Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  41 to 59      –  Orange category

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  21 to 40       –  Green category

o       Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.&upto 20    –  White category


The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ exercise are as follows:

Ø      Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in-turn pollutants expected to be generated.

Ø      The Red category of industrial sectors would be 60.

Ø      The Orange category of industrial sectors would be 83.

Ø      The Green category of industrial sectors would be 63.

Ø      Newly-introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.

Ø      There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.

Ø      No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

The details of the industries falling under Red, Orange , Green and White categories are presented in tables 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively (given below).

The newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting, such as Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vacuum forming machines), Cotton and woolen hosiers making (Dry process only without any dying/washing operation), Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL manufacturing by assembling only, Scientific and mathematical instrument manufacturing, Solar power generation through photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW).

The purpose of the categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of present government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.

Other similar efforts include installation of Continuous Online Emissions/ Effluent Monitoring Systems in the polluting industries,   Revisiting the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index) concept for assessment of polluted industrial clusters, revision of existing industrial emission/effluent discharge standards, initiation of special drive on pollution control activities in Ganga River basin and many more in the coming days.



Table 1 : List of Red Category of Industries

Sl No.Industry SectorSl No.Industry Sector
1Isolated storage of hazardous chemicals39Yarn / Textile processing
2Automobile Manufacturing (integrated)40Chlor Alkali
3Hazardous waste recycling  (Spent cleared metal catalyst )41Ship Breaking
4Lubricating oils  and grease mfg.42Oil and gas extraction
5DG Set  (> 5 MVA)43Metal surface treatment
6Carbon black & allied44Tanneries
7Lead acid battery45Ports /harbor/jetties
8Phosphate rock processing46Synthetic fibers
9Power generation plant47Thermal Power Plants
10Hazardous Waste Recyclers (Spent catalyst)48Slaughter house
11Chlorinated hydrocarbons49Aluminium Smelter
12Sugar50Copper Smelter
13Fibre glass production51Fertilizer (basic)
14Fire crackers52Integrated Iron & Steel
15E-Waste Recyclers53Pulp & Paper ( bleaching)
15Milk and dairy products54Zinc Smelter
17Phosphorous55Oil Refinery
18Pulp & Paper56Petrochemicals
19Coke making57Pharmaceuticals
20Explosives / detonators58Pulp & Paper ( Large-Agro + wood),
21Paints varnishes, pigments59Distillery
22Organic Chemicals60Railway locomotive work shop/  service centers
23Airports and Commercial Air Strips 
25Basic chemicals
27Chlorates, per-chlorates & peroxides
28Chlorine, fluorine, bromine, iodine
29Dyes and Dye- Intermediates
30Health-care Establishment
31Hotels (Big)
32Lead acid battery -recyclers
33Waste electrical and electronic recyclers
34Glue and gelatin
35Mining and ore beneficiation
36Nuclear power plant
38Photographic film /chemicals


Table 2 : LIst of Orange  Category of Industries

Sl. No.Industry SectorSl. No.Industry Sector
1Almirah, Grill Manufacturing43Large Cotton spinning and weaving
2Aluminium & copper extraction from scrap44Lime manufacturing (using lime kiln)
3Automobile servicing, repairing45Liquid floor cleaner, black phenyl
4Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine46Manufacturing of glass
5Brickfields47Manufacturing of mirror from sheet glass
6Building and construction  >20,000 sq. m48Manufacturing of mosquito repellent coil
7Cashew nut processing49Manufacturing of Starch/Sago
8Ceramics and Refractories50Mechanized laundry using oil fired boiler
9Chanachur and ladoo using husk fired oven51Medium scale Hotels
10Coal washeries52Modular wooden furniture
11Coated electrode53New highway construction project
12Coffee seed processing54Non-alcoholic beverages(soft drink)
13Compact disc computer floppy55Paint blending and mixing (Ball mill)
14Copper waste recyclers56Paints and varnishes (mixing and blending)
15Dairy and dairy products ( small scale)57Parboiled Rice Mills
16DG set ( >1MVA but < 5MVA)58Pharmaceutical formulation
17Dismantling of rolling stocks59Ply-board manufacturing
18Dry cell battery60Potable alcohol ( IMFL) by blending
19Dry coal / mineral processing61Printing ink manufacturing
20Fermentation (Extra Neutral Alcohol)62Printing or etching of glass sheet
21Ferrous and Non- ferrous metal extraction63Printing press
22Fertilizer (granulation / formulation / blending64Producer gas plant
23Fish feed, poultry feed and cattle feed65Recyclers – used oils
24Fish processing and packing66REcyclers – waste oils
25Flakes from rejected PET bottle67Recycling  – Paint and ink Sludge
26Foam manufacturing68Reprocessing of waste plastic /PVC
27Food and food processing69Rolling mill (oil or coal fired)
28Forging of ferrous and non- ferrous70Silica gel
29Formulation/pelletization of camphor tablets etc.71Silk /saree screen printing
30Glass ceramics, earthen potteries and tile72Spray painting
31Gravure printing, digital printing on flex, v73Steel and steel products with furnaces
32Heat treatment using oil fired furnace74Stone crushers
33Hot mix plants75Surgical and medical products (latex)
34Ice cream76Synthetic detergents and soaps
35Industry or processes involving foundry operations77Synthetic resins
36Iodized salt from crude/ raw salt78Synthetic rubber excluding molding
37Jute processing without dyeing79Tephlon based products
38large Bakery and confectionery80Thermocol manufacturing ( with boiler)
39Transformer repairing/ manufacturing81Thermometer
40Tyres and tubes vulcanization/ hot retread82Tobacco products including cigarettes
41Vegetable oil manufacturing83Tooth powder, toothpaste, talcum powder
42Wire drawing and wire netting 




Table 3 : List of Green category of Industries


Sl. No.Industry SectorSl. No.Industry Sector
1Aluminium utensils36Ready mix cement concrete
2Ayurvedic medicines37Reprocessing of waste cotton
3Small Bakery /confectionery38Rice mill (Rice hullers only)
4PP film39Rolling mill ( gas fired) and cold rolling mill
5Biomass briquettes40Rubber goods (gas operated baby boiler)
6Melamine resins41Saw mills
7Brass and bell metal utensils42Soap manufacturing
8Candy43Spice Blending
9Cardboard / corrugated box44Spice grinding
10Carpentry & wooden furniture45Steel furniture
11Cement products46Grains processing
12Ceramic colour by mixing47Tyres /tube retreating
13Chilling plant and ice making48Chilling /ice plant
14Coke briquetting49CO2 recovery
15Small Cotton spinning and weaving50Distilled water
16Dal Mills51Small Hotels
17Decoration of ceramic cups52Optical lenses
18Digital printing on PVC clothes53Mineralized water
19Handling, storage of food grains54Tamarind powder
20Flour mills55Marble stone
21Electrical Glass , ceramic, earthen potteries56Emery powder
22Glue from starch57Flyash export
23Gold and silver smithy58Mineral stack yard
24Non-polluting Heat treatment59Oil and gas transportation pipeline
25Insulation /coated papers60Seasoning of wood
26Leather foot wear /products61Synthetic detergent
27Blending of Lubricating oil, greases62Tea processing
28Pasted veneers63Pulverization of bamboo
29Oil mill Ghani 
30Packing materials
31Phenyl/toilet cleaner
32Polythene and plastic products
33Poultry, Hatchery and Piggery
34Power looms (without dye and bleaching)
35Puffed rice (muri) (gas or electrical heating)



Table 4 : List of White category of Industries


Sl. No.Industry Sector
1.Air coolers /conditioners
2.Bicycles ,baby carriages
3.Bailing of waste papers
4.Bio fertilizer /bio-pesticides
5.Biscuits trays
6.Blending / packing of tea
7.Block making of printing
8.Chalk making
9.Compressed oxygen gas
10.Cotton and woolen hosiers
11.Diesel pump repairing
12.Electric lamp ( bulb) and CFL
13.Electrical and electronic item
14.Engineering and fabrication units
15.Flavoured betel nuts
16.Fly ash bricks/ block
17.Fountain pen
18.Glass ampules
19.Glass putty and sealant
20.Ground nut decorticating
21.Handloom/ carpet weaving
22.Leather cutting and stitching
23.Coir items from coconut husks
24.Metal caps containers etc
25.Shoe brush and wire brush
26.Medical oxygen
27.Organic and inorganic nutrients
28.Organic manure
29.Packing of powdered milk
30.Paper pins and u clips
31.Repairing of electric motors /generators
32.Rope (plastic and cotton)
33.Scientific and mathematical instrument
34.Solar module non-conventional energy apparatus
35.Solar power generation through solar photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW)
36.Surgical and medical products assembling

Source Ministry of Environment and Forests 05-March, 2016

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