Cash deposits in saving bank account held as unexplained

By | July 24, 2015

Cash deposits in saving bank account held as unexplained as assessee failed to prove source of deposits.

HIGH COURT OF CALCUTTA

Sushil Modi

v.

Commissioner of Income-tax, Central-II

GIRISH CHANDRA GUPTA AND ARINDAM SINHA, JJ.

IT APPEAL NO.52 OF 2003

APRIL  1, 2015

Section 69 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 – Unexplained investment (Deposits) – Block period 1-4-1986 to 20-9-1996 – During search and seizure operation, assessee’s saving bank account showed certain sum deposited in said bank account – Assessee contended that said deposits were made out of cash balance available – In absence of any proof with regard to such availability of funds, Assessing Officer treated said deposits as income from undisclosed sources – Assessee further contended that said deposits had been reflected in final accounts of assessment year 1987-88 but he did not produce his final accounts of said assessment year – Whether, on facts, Assessing Officer was justified in invoking provisions of section 69 – Held, yes [Paras 13 & 17] [In favour of revenue]

FACTS

During the search and seizure operation, it was found that certain sum had been deposited in bank account of assessee. The assessee contended that said deposits were made out of cash balance available.
In absence of any proof with regard to such availability of funds, Assessing Officer treated said deposits as income of assessee from undisclosed sources.
On appeal, the Tribunal upheld the order of the Assessing Officer.
On appeal, the assessee contended that said deposits had been reflected in final accounts of assessment year 1987-88 but he did not produce his final accounts of said assessment year

HELD

The assessee admittedly made an investment of a sum of Rs. 2,01,000 which was not disclosed by him in the returns filed under section 139. During search, his explanation was that ‘the said deposits were made out of the cash balance available. In the absence of any proof with regard to such availability of funds, the Assessing Officer treated the aforesaid deposits as the income of the assessee from undisclosed sources. [Para 12]
The assessee contended that the deposit had been reflected in the final accounts of his assessment year 1987-88. Therefore, the explanation offered at the relevant time and the explanation offered now materially differ. The explanation offered could have been proved by the assessee by producing his final accounts of the assessment year 1987-88 but he omitted to do so. [Para 13]
Therefore, the case is clearly covered by clause (g) of section 144 of the Evidence Act.
The Court is therefore entitled to apply the aforesaid presumption. [Para 15]
The contention that the assessee need not prove his case and the Assessing Officer is bound to find corroboration by making independent enquiry is neither based on law nor is supported by reason. [Para 16]
There is no error in the order under appeal. [Para 17]

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