COMPANIES INDIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARDS RULES 2015

By | August 22, 2015

COMPANIES INDIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARDS RULES 2015

COMPANIES (INDIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARDS) RULES, 2015

NOTIFICATION [F.NO.01/01/2009/CL-V(PART)], DATED 16-2-2015

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 133 read with section 469 of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) and sub-section (1) of section 210A of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, hereby makes the following rules, namely:—

Short title and commencement

  1. (1) These rules may be called the Companies (IndianAccounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

(2) They shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 2015.

Definitions

  1. (1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a)         “Accounting Standards” means the standards of accounting, or any addendum thereto for companies or class of companies as specified in rule 3;

(b)         “Act” means the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);

(c)         “Annexure” in relation to these rules means the Annexure containing the Indian Accounting Standards(Ind AS) appended to these rules;

(d)         “entity” means a company as defined in clause (20) of section 2 of the Act;

(e)         “financial statements” means financial statements as defined in clause (40) of section 2 of the Act;

(f)          “net worth” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (57) of section 2 of the Act.

(2) Words and expressions used herein and not defined in these rules but defined in the Act shall have the same meaning respectively assigned to them in the Act.

Applicability of Accounting Standards

  1. (1) The accountingstandards as specified in the Annexure to these rules to be called the Indian AccountingStandards (Ind AS) shall be the accounting standards applicable to classes of companies specified in rule 4.

(2) The Accounting standards as specified in Annexure to the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 shall be the Accounting Standards applicable to the companies other than the classes of companies specified in rule 4.

(3) A company which follows the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) specified in Annexure to these rules in accordance with the provisions of rule 4 shall follow such standards only.

(4) A company which follows the accounting standards specified in Annexure to the Companies (AccountingStandards) Rules, 2006 shall comply with such standards only and not the Standards specified in Annexure to these rules.

Obligation to comply with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS)

  1. (1) The Companies and their auditors shall comply with the IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS) specified in Annexure to these rules in preparation of their financial statements and audit respectively, in the following manner, namely:—

(i)          any company may comply with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for financial statements foraccounting periods beginning on or after 1stApril, 2015, with the comparatives for the periods ending on 31st March, 2015, or thereafter;

(ii)         the following companies shall comply with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for theaccounting periods beginning on or after 1st April, 2016, with the comparatives for the periods ending on 31st March, 2016, or thereafter, namely:—

(a)         companies whose equity or debt securities are listed or are in the process of being listed on any stock exchange in India or outside India and having net worth of rupees five hundred crore or more;

(b)         companies other than those covered by sub-clause (a) of clause (ii) of sub-rule (1) and having net worth of rupees five hundred crore or more;

(c)         holding, subsidiary, joint venture or associate companies of companies covered by sub-clause (a) of clause (ii) of sub-rule (1) and sub-clause (b) of clause (ii) of sub-rule (1) as the case may be; and

 

(iii)        the following companies shall comply with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for theaccounting periods beginning on or after 1st April, 2017, with the comparatives for the periods ending on 31st March, 2017, or thereafter, namely:—

 

(a)         companies whose equity or debt securities are listed or are in the process of being listed on any stock exchange in India or outside India and having net worth of less than rupees five hundred crore;

(b)         companies other than those covered in clause (ii) of sub-rule (1) and sub-clause (a) of clause (iii) of sub-rule (1), that is, unlisted companies having net worth of rupees two hundred and fifty crore or more but less than rupees five hundred crore.

(c)         holding, subsidiary, joint venture or associate companies of companies covered under sub-clause (a) of clause (iii) of sub-rule (1) and sub-clause (b) of clause (iii) of sub-rule (1), as the case may be:

Provided that nothing in this sub-rule, except clause (i), shall apply to companies whose securities are listed or are in the process of being listed on SME exchange as referred to in Chapter XB or on the Institutional Trading Platform without initial public offering in accordance with the provisions of Chapter XC of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009.

Explanation 1.—SME Exchange shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in Chapter XB of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009.

Explanation 2.—”Comparatives” shall mean comparative figures for the preceding accounting period.

(2) For the purposes of calculation of net worth of companies under sub-rule (1), the following principles shall apply, namely:—

(a)         the net worth shall be calculated in accordance with the stand-alone financial statements of the company as on 31st March, 2014 or the first audited financial statements for accounting period which ends after that date;

(b)         for companies which are not in existence on 31st March, 2014 or an existing company falling under any of thresholds specified in sub-rule (1) for the first time after 31st March, 2014, the net worth shall be calculated on the basis of the first audited financial statements ending after that date in respect of which it meets the thresholds specified in sub-rule (1).

Explanation.—For the purposes of sub-clause (b), the companies meeting the specified thresholds given in sub-rule (1) for the first time at the end of an accounting year shall apply Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) from the immediate next accounting year in the manner specified in sub-rule (1).

Illustration .—(i) The companies meeting threshold for the first time as on 31st March, 2017 shall apply Ind AS for the financial year 2017-18 onwards.

(ii) The companies meeting threshold for the first time as on 31st March, 2018 shall apply Ind AS for the financial year 2018-19 onwards and so on.

(3) Standards in Annexure to these rules once required to be complied with in accordance with these rules, shall apply to both stand-alone financial statements and consolidated financial statements.

(4) Companies to which Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) are applicable as specified in these rules shall prepare their first set of financial statements in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) effective at the end of its first Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) reporting period.

Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby clarified that the companies preparing financial statements applying the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for the accounting period beginning on 1stApril, 2016 shall apply the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) effective for the financial year ending on 31st March, 2017.

(5) Overseas subsidiary, associate, joint venture and other similar entities of an Indian company may prepare its standalone financial statements in accordance with the requirements of the specific jurisdiction:

Provided that such Indian company shall prepare its consolidated financial statements in accordance with theIndian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) either voluntarily or mandatorily if it meets the criteria as specified in sub-rule (1).

(6) Indian company which is a subsidiary, associate, joint venture and other similar entities of a foreign company shall prepare its financial statements in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) either voluntarily or mandatorily if it meets the criteria as specified in sub-rule (1).

(7) Any company opting to apply the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) voluntarily as specified in sub-rule (1) for its financial statements shall prepare its financial statements as per the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) consistently.

(8) Once the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) are applied voluntarily, it shall be irrevocable and such companies shall not be required to prepare another set of financial statements in accordance with AccountingStandards specified in Annexure to Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

(9) Once a company starts following the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) either voluntarily or mandatorily on the basis of criteria specified in sub-rule (1), it shall be required to follow the Indian Accounting Standards(Ind AS) for all the subsequent financial statements even if any of the criteria specified in this rule does not subsequently apply to it.

Exemptions

  1. The insurance companies, banking companies and non-banking finance companies shall not be required to apply IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS) for preparation of their financial statements either voluntarily or mandatorily as specified in sub-rule (1) of rule 4.

ANNEXURE

[See rule 3]

  1. General Instruction. – (1)IndianAccounting Standards, which are specified, are intended to be in conformity with the provisions of applicable laws. However, if due to subsequent amendments in the law, a particular Indian Accounting Standard is found to be not in conformity with such law, the provisions of the said law shall prevail and the financial statements shall be prepared in conformity with such law.

(2) Indian Accounting Standards are intended to apply only to items which are material.

(3) The Indian Accounting Standards include paragraphs set in bold italic type and plain type, which have equal authority. Paragraphs in bold italic type indicate the main principles. An individual Indian Accounting Standardshall be read in the context of the objective, if stated, in that Indian Accounting Standard and in accordance with these General Instructions.

  1. IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS)

Notifications                                                        Description

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 1            Presentation of Financial Statements

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 2            Inventories

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 7            Statement of Cash Flows

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 8            Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 10          Events after the Reporting Period

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 12          Income Taxes

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 16          Property, Plant and Equipment

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 17          Leases

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 19          Employee Benefits

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 20          Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 21          The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 23          Borrowing Costs

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 24          Related Party Disclosures

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 27          Separate Financial Statements

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 28          Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 29          Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary Economies

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 32          Financial Instruments: Presentation

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 33          Earnings per Share

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 34          Interim Financial Reporting

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 36          Impairment of Assets

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 37          Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 38          Intangible Assets

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 40          Investment Property

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 41          Agriculture

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 101        First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 102        Share-based Payment

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 103        Business Combinations

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 104        Insurance Contracts

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 105        Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 106        Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 107        Financial Instruments: Disclosures

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 108        Operating Segments

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 109        Financial Instruments

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 110        Consolidated Financial Statements

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 111        Joint Arrangements

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 112        Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 113        Fair Value Measurement

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 114        Regulatory Deferral Accounts

Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 115        Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

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